Bearded dragon comes from arid land, hot deserts of Australia. In the wild, they prefer to bask on the rocks under sunlight and hiding in foliage, woodlands, and scrublands. Providing an enclosure environment that mimics bearded dragons’ natural habitat is exactly what you should do to help them live a healthy, comfortable life.
The substrate is the covering of the floor in the tank. The best bearded dragon substrate will help resembles their original habitat so that your pet can feel comfortable in their new home. There are many different types of substrates are available that you can use.
#1 Sand and similar small particles
In the natural, Bearded dragons spend all the day time running across sands pebbles. Although these substrates are mot realistic, it causes the possibility for your pet to swallow some of these substrates.
If this happens, your bearded dragons will have a chance to get gut impaction and leads to a block of the intestinal. Only use these substrates if your bearded dragon is adult. They have more experience and will know if it is sand or food.
Moreover, you can also use alternatives that replicate sand but do not have any complications. Non-silica sands have been developed that are made of calcium and easy to metabolized into the beardie body.
#2 Cage liners
These cage liners are small carpets that look like sand or grass. There are two textures of them that are soft and a little rough. Cage liners are also environment friendly, that allows you to wash and recycle them several times.
The attractions point of this material is that it allows your bearded dragon to build this own burrows and tunnels. You should make a clay substrate and water mix and mold it into any shape. Then your beardie can build tunnels by themselves. It will be dry and become hardens so your pet won’t be able to eat it.